The Middle East Arc of Crisis: Political Spin-offs and Developmental Outcomes focuses on historical events of major concern to Middle Easterners who wish to end the chaos. With regards to issues deeply rooted in the past, this volume offers peaceful resolutions to pressing matters that preserve dignity and humanitarian essentials. The book systematically reviews western impositions that directly influenced Middle East political players who then chose to focus on political developments via militant Islamism. Herein, interdisciplinary analytical perspectives offer Asian and ASEAN???S perspectives on Islam, war, terrorism, the environment and NGOs as protagonists. The volume thus fills a vital gap in the literature with judicious contemporary views on historicity that define a very real ideological chasm between western foreign policies and Middle Eastern cultural norms and behaviours. This volume is a reliable historical reference for academics, researchers, students, policy makers and anyone who are interested in current trends in modern and post-modern Middle Eastern studies.